1001 Inventions: The Library of Secrets

“From dark into light.

From ocean onto land”

For a thousand years, Muslim civilization stretched from southern Spain as far as China. From the 7th century onwards, scholars of many faiths built on the ancient knowledge of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, making breakthroughs that paved the way for the Renaissance.

The discoveries made by men and women in Muslim civilisation have left their mark on the way we live today. 1001 Inventions uncovers a thousand years of science and technology that had a huge but hidden impact on the modern world.

The 1001 Inventions exhibition completed its record-breaking residency at London’s Science Museum with 400,000 visitors in June 2010 and a block buster residency at the iconic and historic Sultan Ahmed Square in Istanbul with 390,000 visitors. The exhibition is set to open in New York in December 2010.The video above is the trailer film that was  specially made for this exhibition.

1001 Inventions: Discover the Muslim Heritage in Our World, traces the forgotten story of a thousand years of science from the Muslim world, from the 7th century onwards. The free exhibition looks at the social, scientific and technological achievements that are credited to the Muslim world, whilst celebrating the shared scientific heritage of other cultures. The exhibition is a British based project, produced in association with the Jameel Foundation.

Featuring a diverse range of exhibits, interactive displays and dramatisation, the exhibition shows how many modern inventions, spanning fields such as engineering, medicine and design, can trace their roots back to Muslim civilisation.

Review:

Opinions of historical periods differ depending on whose perspective one is viewing them through. In classrooms across London, England and the wider Western world the so-called Dark Ages are taught to be an era where there was very little technological, scientific and medical achievements. Not so, according to this highly illuminating exhibition that was at the Science Museum. 

…………Read more:

Source:

http://www.1001inventions.com/

SCIENTIFIC PROOF ON NAPPING

tt4.jpg“Tidur siang pernah dianggap sebagai salah satu tanda kemalasan. Islam menganggapnya sebagai suatu kebaikan asalkan seseorang itu tidak berlebih-lebihan dengannya. Di dalam kitab ‘Misykatul Masabih’ disebutkan tentang salah satu amalan sunnah yang pernah dilakukan oleh Nabi:

“Tidur yang sedikit di waktu tengahari (qailulah) tidaklah keji. Rasulullah ada melakukannya.” Imam Al Ghazali di dalam kitab ‘Ihya Ulumuddin’ telah berkata: “Hendaklah seseorang tidak meninggalkan tidur di siang hari kerana ianya membantu ibadah di malam hari sebagaimana sahur membantu puasa di siang hari. Sebaik-baiknya ialah bangun sebelum tergelincir matahari untuk solat zohor.”

Islam mempunyai pandangan tertentu tentang tidur tengahari. Ia dianggap sebagai sunnah dan bukan sebagai suatu yang keji. Tidurnya hanya sekejap. Tujuannya adalah untuk kesegaran tubuh badan agar dapat dimanfaatkan untuk melaksanakan amal dan ibadah yang berkualiti. Dewasa ini, berpandukan kajian-kajian saintifik, tidur sekejap di waktu siang (day napping), terutamanya pada waktu tengahari, didapati amat berkesan untuk mempertingkatkan tenaga, tumpuan dan akhirnya produktiviti pekerja-pekerja.

Baru-baru ini satu kajian 25 tahun tentang kesan tidur ke atas negara-negara industri dan pasca-industri telah mendapati bahawa “92.5% pekerja-pekerja yang berkesempatan tidur di waktu tengahari, mempunyai daya kreativiti yang lebih tinggi. Daya kemampuan mereka untuk menyelesaikan masalah juga meningkat. Semua ini pastinya meningkatkan produktiviti.” (Napping News: ‘Scientific Proof Confirms: Napping Enhances Worker Productivity,’ from eFuse).

Waktu tengahari merupakan masa yang paling sesuai untuk tidur seketika kerana sistem badan kita memang bersedia untuk memanfaatkan fasa tidur pada waktu itu. Fasa ini disebutkan sebagai ‘a midafternoon quiescent phase’ atau ‘ a secondary sleep gate.’ Di antara tokoh-tokoh yang meng- galakkan tidur tengahari ini ialah dari. William A. Anthony, Ph.di. dan Camille W. Anthony, pengarang buku ‘The Art of Napping at Work.’ Demikian juga yang disebutkan oleh David F. Dinges dan Roger J. Broughton di dalam buku mereka ‘Sleep and Alertness: Chronobiological, Behavioural and Medical Aspects of Napping.’ dari. James Maas, pakar tidur dari Cornell University juga telah merumuskan bahawa tidur di tengahari sekadar 15-20 minit sudah mencukupi untuk mengembalikan tenaga dan menjaga kesihatan. Seorang pengkaji yang lain, Donald Greeley, telah mengatakan bahawa tidur tengahari adalah bermanfaat selama mana ianya tidak melebihi satu jam. (Gail Benchener: ‘Parents and Sleep Deprivation,’ Family.com)

Sunnah tidur tengahari yang diajarkan Nabi rupa-rupanya merupakan suatu yang amat saintifik lagi relevan pada hari ini.

why science fails to explain God?

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 AT an educational institution “Professing to be wise, they became fools
. …”, so it happened one day …. one Philosophy Professor entered in
classroom …. Prof. is in a mood to climb over new class …….. so he start
his lecture ………….

Prof: “Let me explain the problem science has with God.”

The atheist professor of philosophy pauses before his new class and
then asks one of his new students to stand.

Prof: “You’re a Muslim, aren’t you, son?”

Std:  “Yes, sir.”

Prof:  “So you believe in God?”

Std:  “Absolutely.”

Prof:  “Is God good?”

Std:   “Sure! God’s good.”

Prof:  “Is God all-powerful? Can God do anything?”

Std:   “Yes.”

The professor grins knowingly and considers for a moment.

Prof: “Here’s one for you. Let’s say there’s a sick person over here and
you can cure him. You can do it. Would you help them ?  … Would you try?”

Std:  “Yes sir, I would.”

Prof: “So you’re good…!”

Std: “I wouldn’t say that.”

Prof: “Why not say that? You would help a sick and maimed person if you
could … in fact most of us would if we could… God doesn’t.”

Std:  [No answer.]

Prof: “He doesn’t, does he? My brother was a Muslim who died of cancer even
though he prayed to God to heal him. How is this God good? Hmmm? Can you
answer that one?”

Std:  [No answer]

The elderly man is sympathetic.

Prof: “No, you can’t, can you?”

Professor takes a sip of water from a glass on his desk to give the
student time to relax. In philosophy, you have to go easy with the new
ones.

Prof:  “Let’s start again, young fella.” “Is God good?”

Std: “Er… Yes.”

Prof: “Is Satan good?”

Std: “No.”

Prof: “Where does Satan come from?”

The student falters.

Std: “From… God…”

Prof: “That’s right. God made Satan, didn’t he?”

The elderly man runs his bony fingers through his thinning hair and turns
to the smirking, student audience.

Prof:  “I think we’re going to have a lot of fun this semester, ladies
and gentlemen.”

He turns back to the Muslim.

Prof: “Tell me, son. Is there evil in this world?”

Std: “Yes, sir.”

Prof: “Evil’s everywhere, isn’t it? Did God make everything?”

Std:  “Yes.”

Prof: “Who created evil?

Std:  [No answer]

Prof: “Is there sickness in this world? Immorality? Hatred? Ugliness? All
the terrible things – do they exist in this world?”

The student squirms on his feet.

Std:  “Yes.”

Prof:  “Who created them?”

Std: [No answer]

The professor suddenly shouts at his student.

Prof: “WHO CREATED THEM? TELL ME,PLEASE!”

The professor closes in for the kill and climbs into the Muslim’s face. In
still small voice he says:

Prof: “God created all evil, didn’t He, son?”

Std: [No answer]

The student tries to hold the steady, experienced gaze and fails.
Suddenly the lecturer breaks away to pace the front of the classroom
like an aging panther. The class is mesmerised.

Prof: “Tell me,”

He continues.

Prof: “How is it that this God is good if He created all evil throughout
all time?”

The professor swishes his arms around to encompass the wickedness of the
world.

Prof:  “All the hatred, the brutality, all the pain, all the torture, all
the death and ugliness and all the suffering created by this good God is
all over
the world, isn’t it, young man?”

Std:  [No answer]

Prof: “Don’t you see it all over the place? Huh?” …. Pause ….. “Don’t
you?”

The professor leans into the student’s face again and whispers,

Prof: “Is God good?”

Std: [No answer]

Prof: “Do you believe in God, son?”

The student’s voice betrays him and cracks.

Std: “Yes, professor. I do.”

The old man shakes his head sadly.

Prof: “Science says you have five senses you use to identify and observe
the
world around you.”

Prof: “You have never seen God, Have you? ”

Std:  “No, sir. I’ve never seen Him.”

Prof: “Then tell us if you’ve ever heard your God?”

Std:  “No, sir. I have not.”

Prof: “Have you ever felt your God, tasted your God or smelt your God…in
fact, do you have any sensory perception of your God whatsoever?”

Std: [No answer]

Prof: “Answer me, please.”

Std:  “No, sir, I’m afraid I haven’t.”

Prof: “You’re AFRAID… you haven’t?”

Std:  “No, sir.”

Prof: “Yet you still believe in him?”

Std: “…Yes…”

Prof: “That takes FAITH!”

The professor smiles sagely at the underling.

Prof: “According to the rules of empirical, testable,demonstrable protocol,
science says your God doesn’t exist.What do you say         to that, son?
Where is your God now?”

Std: [The student doesn’t answer]

Prof: “Sit down, please.”

The Muslim sits…Defeated. Another Muslim raises his hand.

Std2: “Professor, may I address the class?”

The professor turns and smiles.

Prof: “Ah, another Muslim in the vanguard!  Come, come, young man. Speak
some proper wisdom to the gathering.”

The Muslim looks around the room.

Std2: “Some interesting points you are making, sir. Now I’ve got a
question for you. Is there such thing as heat?”

Prof:  “Yes,”… “There’s heat.”

Std2: “Is there such a thing as cold?”

Prof: “Yes, son, there’s cold too.”

Std2:  “No, sir, there isn’t.”

The professor’s grin freezes. The room suddenly goes very cold. The second
Muslim continues.

Std2: “You can have lots of heat, even more heat,super-heat, mega-heat,
white heat, a little heat or no heat but we don’t have anything
called  ‘Cold’. We can hit 458 degrees below zero, which is no
heat, but we can’t go any further after that. There is no such
thing as cold, otherwise we would be able to go colder than 458 –
– You see, sir, cold is only a word we use to describe the absence of heat.
We cannot measure cold.  Heat we can measure in thermal units because heat
is
energy. Cold is not the opposite of heat, sir, just the absence of it.”

Silence. A pin drops somewhere in the classroom.

Std2:  “Is there such a thing as darkness, professor?”

Prof: “That’s a dumb question, son. What is night if it isn’t darkness?
What are you getting at…?”

Std2: “So you say there is such a thing as darkness?”

Prof:  “Yes…”

Std2: “You’re wrong again, sir. Darkness is not something,it is the absence
of something. You can have low light, normal light, bright light,
flashing light but if you have no light constantly you have
nothing  and it’s called darkness, isn’t it? That’s the meaning
we use to define the word. In reality, Darkness isn’t. If it were,
you would be able to make darkness darker and give me a jar of it. Can
you…give me a jar of darker darkness, professor?”

Despite himself, the professor smiles at the young effrontery before him.
This will indeed be a good semester.

Prof: “Would you mind telling us what your point is, young man?”

Std2: “Yes, professor. My point is, your philosophical premise is flawed to
start with and so your conclusion must be in error….”

The professor goes toxic.

Prof: “Flawed…? How dare you…!””

Std2: “Sir, may I explain what I mean?”

The class is all ears.

Prof: “Explain… oh, explain…”

The professor makes an admirable effort to regain control. Suddenly he
is affability itself. He waves his hand to silence the class, for the
student
to continue.

Std2: “You are working on the premise of duality,” the Muslim explains.

Std2: “That for example there is life and then there’s death; a good
God and a bad God. You are viewing the concept of God as something finite,
something we can measure. Sir, science cannot even explain a thought. It
uses
electricity and magnetism but has never seen, much less fully understood
them. To view death as the opposite of life is to be ignorant of the
fact that death cannot exist as a substantive thing.  Death is not the
opposite
of life, merely the absence of it.”

The young man holds up a newspaper he takes from the desk of a neighbour
who has been reading it.

Std2: “Here is one of the most disgusting tabloids this country hosts,
professor. Is there such a thing as immorality?”

Prof:  “Of course there is, now look…”

Std2: “Wrong again, sir. You see, immorality is merely the absence of
morality. Is there such thing as injustice? No. Injustice is the absence of
justice. Is there such a thing as evil?”

The Muslim pauses.

Std2: “Isn’t evil the absence of good?”

The professor’s face has turned an alarming colour. He is so angry he
is temporarily speechless.

The Muslim continues.

Std2: “If there is evil in the world, professor, and we all agree there is,
then God, if he exists, must be accomplishing a work through the agency of
evil.
What is that work, God is accomplishing? Islam tells us it is to see if
each
one of us will, choose good over evil.”

The professor bridles.

Prof: “As a philosophical scientist, I don’t vie this matter as having
anything to do with any choice; as a realist, I absolutely do not recognize
the concept of God or any other theological factor as being part of the
world
equation because God is not observable.”

Muslim replies.

Std2: “I would have thought that the absence of God’s moral code in this
world is probably one of the most observable phenomena going,” the
“Newspapers make billions of dollars reporting it every week!
Tell me,professor. Do you teach your students that they evolved
from a monkey?”

Prof: “If you are referring to the natural evolutionary process, young man,
yes, of course I  do.”

Std2: “Have you ever observed evolution with your own eyes, sir?”

The professor makes a sucking sound with his teeth and gives his student a
silent, stony stare.

Std2:  “Professor. Since no-one has ever observed the process of evolution
at work and cannot even prove that this process is an on-going endeavour,
are you not teaching your opinion, sir? Are you now not a scientist, but
a priest?”

The professor hisses.

Prof:  “I will overlook your impudence in the light of our philosophical
discussion. Now, have you quite finished?”

Std2: “So you don’t accept God’s moral code to do what is righteous?”

Prof:  “I believe in what is – that’s science!”

The student’s face splits into a grin.

Std2: “Ahh! SCIENCE!”

Std2: “Sir, you rightly state that science is the study of observed
phenomena. Science too is a premise which is flawed…”

The professor splutters.

Prof: “SCIENCE IS FLAWED..?”

The class is in uproar. The Muslim remains standing until the commotion
has subsided.

Std2: “To continue the point you were making earlier to the other student,
may I give you an example of what I mean?”

The professor wisely keeps silent. The Muslim looks around the room.

Std2: “Is there anyone in the class who has ever seen air, Oxygen,
molecules, atoms, the professor’s brain?”

The class breaks out in laughter. The Muslim points towards his elderly,
crumbling tutor.

Std2: “Is there anyone here who has ever heard the professor’s brain…
felt the professor’s brain, touched or smelt the professor’s brain?”

No one appears to have done so. The Muslim shakes his head sadly.

Std2: “It appears no-one here has had any sensory perception of the
professor’s brain whatsoever. Well, according to the rules of empirical,
stable,
demonstrable protocol, science, I  declare that the professor has no
brain.”

NOW IT IS EVERYONE’S CHANCE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT ISLAM, ABOUT GOD, ABOUT THE
PURPOSE OF EXISTENCE, CREATION & LIFE, ABOUT THE PROPHETS OF GOD, & ABOUT
HIS HOLY BOOKS, ESPECIALLY THE HOLY QUR’AAN. THEN IT IS YOUR CHOICE TO
BECOME A MUSLIM, OR NOT.

ALLAH saya in Holy Quran  “THERE IS NO COMPULSION IN RELIGION ”

In
Quran,

” There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become
clearly distinct from error; And he who rejects false deities and believes
in
Allaah (The God) has grasped a firm handhold which will  never break. and
Allaah is ALL-Hearing, All-Knowing(256) ”

” Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe. He brings them
out of the darkness into the light; As for those who disbelieve, their
guardians are false deities. They bring them out of light into
darkness…(257)”
AL-QUR’AAN (CHAPTER # 2, VERSES # 256-257  (They are much nicer and more
sound in
Arabic)

The Muslim sits… Because that is what a chair is for!!!

Subhanallah

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Lapisan Atmosfera

Satu fakta sains tentang alam semesta menyatakan bahawa langit terdiri daripada tujuh lapis iaitu troposfera, stratosfera, Ozonosfera, mesosfera, termosfera, ionosfera dan eksosfera. fakta ini sejajar dengan firman Allah swt yang bermaksud : “Dia-lah Allah, yang menjadikan segala yang ada di bumi untuk kamu dan Dia berkehendak menuju langit, lalu dijadikan-Nya tujuh langit. Dan Dia Maha Mengetahui segala sesuatu.” (Al Qur’an, 2:29) “Kemudian Dia menuju langit, dan langit itu masih merupakan asap. Maka Dia menjadikannya tujuh langit dalam dua masa dan Dia mewahyukan pada tiap-tiap langit urusannya.” (Al Qur’an, 41:11-12)

LAUTAN YANG TIDAK BERCAMPUR SATU SAMA LAINSalah satu di antara sifat lautan yang ditemui oleh saintis baru-baru ini ialah lautan yang tidak bercampur antara satu sama lain. Ianya berkaitan dengan ayat Al Qur’an yang bermaksud:

“Dia membiarkan dua lautan mengalir yang keduanya kemudian bertemu, antara keduanya ada batas yang tak dapat dilampaui oleh masing-masing.” (Al Qur’an, 55:19-20)

Pembentukan Hujan

Pembentukan hujan berlangsung dalam tiga tahap. Pertama, “bahan baku” hujan iaitu wap melalui sejatan air di permukaan bumi naik ke udara dan keduanya ialah awan terbentuk. Akhir sekali, hujan turun ke bumi.

Tahap-tahap ini ditetapkan dengan jelas dalam Al-Qur’an berabad-abad yang lalu, yang memberikan informasi yang tepat mengenai pembentukan hujan,

“Dialah Allah Yang mengirimkan angin, lalu angin itu menggerakkan awan dan Allah membentangkannya di langit menurut yang dikehendakiNya, dan menjadikannya bergumpal-gumpal; lalu kamu lihat air hujan keluar dari celah-celahnya; maka, apabila hujan itu turun mengenai hamba-hambaNya yang dikehendakiNya, tiba-tiba mereka menjadi gembira” (Al Qur’an, 30:48)

Peredaran Planet dalam Orbit Tersendiri

Tatkala merujuk kepada matahari dan bulan di dalam Al Qur’an, ditegaskan bahwa masing-masing bergerak dalam orbit atau garis edar tertentu. “Dan Dialah yang telah menciptakan malam dan siang, matahari dan bulan. Masing-masing dari keduanya itu beredar di dalam garis edarnya.” (Al Qur’an, 21:33)

Disebutkan pula dalam ayat yang lain bahwa matahari tidaklah diam, tetapi bergerak dalam orbit tertentu:

“Dan matahari berjalan di tempat peredarannya. Demikianlah ketetapan Yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Mengetahui.” (Al Qur’an, 36:38)

Setiap planet mempunyai lintasan atau orbit yang tersendiri. Keseluruhan alam semesta yang dipenuhi oleh lintasan dan orbit seperti ini, dinyatakan dalam Al Qur’an sebagai berikut:

“Demi langit yang mempunyai jalan-jalan.” (Al Qur’an, 51:7)

Pembungkusan Tulang oleh Otot Sisi penting lain tentang informasi yang disebutkan dalam ayat-ayat Al Qur’an adalah tahap-tahap pembentukan manusia dalam rahim ibu. Disebutkan dalam ayat di bawah bahwa dalam rahim ibu, mulanya tulang-tulang terbentuk, dan selanjutnya terbentuklah otot yang membungkus tulang-tulang ini.“Kemudian air mani itu Kami jadikan segumpal darah, lalu segumpal darah itu Kami jadikan segumpal daging, dan segumpal daging itu Kami jadikan tulang-belulang, lalu tulang belulang itu Kami bungkus dengan daging. Kemudian Kami jadikan dia makhluk yang (berbentuk) lain. Maka Maha Sucilah Allah, Pencipta Yang Paling Baik” (Al Qur’an, 23:14)

Hikmah Bersujud

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Ø      “MUNGKIN ramai di kalangan umat Islam tidak sedar mengenai pelbagai hikmah yang tersembunyi ketika sujud. Pada hal, kita perlu sedar bahawa tiada suatu pun ciptaan dan suruhan Allah s.w.t. yang sia-sia, malahan setiap ciptaan itu mempunyai kelebihan yang selalunya tidak terjangkau akal manusia.Manusia melakukan sujud dalam dua bentuk, iaitu sujud fizikal seperti ketika bersolat dan sujud spiritual berbentuk ketaatan kepada perintah Allah s.w.t. dan menjauhi larangannya. Ulama mengatakan sujud ketika solat adalah waktu manusia paling hampir dengan Allah s.w.t. dan mereka menggalakkan kita bersujud lebih lama.

Antara hikmah lain sujud adalah melegakan sistem pernafasan dan mengembalikan kedudukan organ ke tempat asalnya. Bernafas ketika sujud pula boleh:

Ø     
– membetulkan kedudukan buah pinggang yang terkeluar sedikit dari tempat asalnya.
– membetulkan pundi peranakan yang jatuh.
– melegakan sakit hernia. (burut)
– mengurangkan sakit senggugut ketika haid.
– melegakan paru-paru daripada ketegangan.
– mengurangkan kesakitan bagi pesakit apendiks atau limpa.
– kedudukan sujud adalah paling baik untuk berehat dan mengimbangkan lingkungan bahagian belakang tubuh.
– meringankan bahagian pelvis.
– memberi dorongan supaya mudah tidur.
– menggerakkan otot bahu, dada, leher, perut serta punggung ketika akan sujud dan bangun daripada sujud.
– pergerakan otot itu menjadikan ototnya lebih kuat dan elastik, secara automatik memastikan kelicinan perjalanan darah yang baik.
– bagi wanita, pergerakan otot itu menjadikan buah dadanya lebih baik, mudah berfungsi untuk menyusukan bayi dan terhindar daripada sakit buah dada.
– mengurangkan kegemukan.
– pergerakan bahagian otot memudahkan wanita bersalin, organ peranakan mudah kembali ke tempat asal serta terhindar daripada sakit gelombang perut (convulsions).
– organ terpenting iaitu otak manusia menerima banyak bekalan darah dan oksigen.
– mengelakkan pendarahan otak jika tiba-tiba menerima pengepaman darah ke otak secara kuat dan mengejut serta terhindar penyakit salur darah dan sebagainya.

Dari segi psikologi pula, sujud membuatkan kita merasa rendah diri di hadapan Yang Maha Pencipta sekali gus mengikis sifat sombong, riak, takbur dan sebagainya.
Dari segi perubatan, kesan sujud yang lama akan menambahkan kekuatan aliran darah ke otak yang boleh mengelakkan pening kepala dan migrain, menyegarkan otak serta menajamkan akal fikiran sekali gus menguatkan mentaliti seseorang.

Menurut kajian, terdapat beberapa urat saraf di dalam otak manusia yang tidak dimasuki darah sedangkan setiap inci otak manusia memerlukan darah yang cukup untuk berfungsi secara normal dan sempurna.

Tujuh kalimat Sabda Rasulullah S.A.W ” Barang siapa hafal tujuh kalimat, ia terpandang mulia di sisi Allah dan Malaikat serta diampuni dosa-dosanya walau sebanyak busa/buih laut ”

Ø     
1 . Mengucap Bismillah pada tiap-tiap hendak melakukan sesuatu.
2. Mengucap Alhamdulillah pada tiap-tiap selesai melakukan sesuatu.
3. Mengucap Astagfirullah jika lidah terselip perkataan yang tidak patut
4. Mengucap Insya Allah jika merencanakan berbuat sesuatu di hari esok.
5. Mengucap lah haula wala kuwwata illa billah jika menghadapi sesuatu tak disukai dan tak diingini.
6. Mengucap inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi rajiun jika menghadapi dan menerima musibah.
7. Mengucap lah ilaha illa Allah Muhammad Rasulullah sepanjang siang malam sehingga tak terpisah dari lidahnya dari tafsir hanafi, mudah-mudahan ingat, walau lambat-lambat mudah-mudahan selalu,    walau sambil lalu mudah-mudahan jadi bisa, karena sudah biasa.